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The History of Chess

FIDE Titles

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The World Chess Federation, FIDE, awards several performance-based titles to chess players. Titles generally require a combination of Elo rating and norms (performance benchmarks in competitions including other titled players). Once awarded, FIDE titles are held for life. Other than the women-only titles outlined below, FIDE titles are achievable by both male and female chess players. History FIDE’s first titles …

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Birth of the FIDE World Chess Championship

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1924 Founding of FIDE: The World Chess Federation (FIDE) was founded at Paris in July 1924. Since it had little influence on the World Championship during its early years, it concentrated its organizational activities on the biennial Olympiad and the Women’s World Championship. Max Euwe became World Champion in 1935, and was more sympathetic to FIDE than his predecessors, Capablanca …

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Chess in the Early 19th Century : Chess Becomes Organized

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Introduction: By the mid-19th century, the center of gravity for chess had shifted from Paris to London. The Game of Kings became the game for everyone. Its popularity was augmented by the creation of chess clubs, the distribution of introductory books, columns in the general press, and magazines dedicated to the game. Interest in the game was also stirring in …

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The Origin of Modern Chess

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Introduction: Near the end of the 15th century, the game of chess underwent a dramatic transformation when the powers of two of the weakest pieces were enhanced. The slow game characterized by a long opening buildup was suddenly a rapid game where checkmate was possible after only a few moves. The new game, quickly adopted wherever it was played, pushed …

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The Origin of Chess

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The Origin of Chess Is Obscure: Where did chess come from? Was it invented by a single person or did it evolve over time? Many eminent chess historians have been fascinated by these questions. While there is considerable controversy over the facts, the most widely accepted scenario is that chess appeared in India around 600 A.D., was adopted in Persia …

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Modern competition-style chess

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Competitive chess became visible in 1834, and the 1851 London Chess tournament raised concerns about the time taken by the players to deliberate their moves. On recording time it was found that players often took hours to analyze moves, and one player took as much as two hours and 20 minutes to think over a single move at the London …

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The Origin of International Chess Events

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Unofficial and Official ‘World Chess Champions: Any list of World Chess Champions is split into at least two parts. First, there is a list of unofficial champions, usually including at least five names. Then there is a list of official champions, one name following another until the list becomes burdened with asterisks and footnotes in the 1990s. The first two …

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The Development of Computer Chess

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Introduction: (August 2006) Since the dawn of the computer age, the development of chess playing computers has paralleled the development of general computing. Early computer pioneers and artificial intelligence (AI) researchers took an interest in chess because its fantastically large number of possible positions could not be tackled by brute force. The development of stronger chess playing programs has been …

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History of Chess Olympiads

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Olympic Games, Paris 1924: In his first tournament after winning the World Championship title from Emanuel Lasker, Jose Capablanca won a master tournament at London in 1922, where he was followed by Alexander Alekhine and Akiba Rubinstein. During the event, part of the British Chess Federation Congress, Eugene Znosko-Borovsky, a Russian master living in Paris, announced that the French Federation …

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The Rise of Internet Chess

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Chess and the Internet: (May 2007) The last word on computers and chess is a long way from being spoken. The experts are still undecided whether machines will prove to have been a boon or a bane for the game. One thing is certain: the Internet — meaning technologies that link networks together: Usenet, Internet, Web — has been very …

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